Parental and peer support, identity development and psychological well-being in adolescence
Ταυτότητα (Ψυχολογία) στην εφηβεία -- Identity (Psychology) in adolescence -- Προσωπικότητα στα παιδιά --
Ελληνική Ψυχολογική Εταιρεία
Two studies are presented, on parental and peer support and identity development, respectively. The aims of these studies were (a) to report on age-related changes in parental and peer support and identity development, and (b) to predict psychological well-being by parental and peer support and identity. Study 1 shows parental support to decrease as adolescents grow older, while peer support increases. In general peer support catches up with parental support, but doesn't take over. Compared to peer support, parental support is the better predictor of psychological well-being, but only in early and middle adolescence. So, as regards parental support a separation effect was found. Study 2 shows identity to develop progressively with age, and also the relation between identity status and psychological well-being was found to become stronger with age. Taken together, these findings support the notion of the second separation-individuation in adolescence.