School-related stress and family stress: Differences in stress perception and coping style in healthy and clinical groups
Κλινική ψυχολογία της υγείας -- Clinical health psychology -- Άγχος (Ψυχολογία) -- Stress (Psychology) --
Ελληνική Ψυχολογική Εταιρεία
This study analyzes how adolescents in general and clinically disturbed adolescents in particular cope with normative stressors. Anticipatory coping andcoping after an event has happened were investigated in 77 adolescents differing in health status, gender, and age. Coping was investigated in two specific stressful situations, school-related stressors and conflicts with parents via the Coping Process Interview as well as questionnaires. Results obtained from the interviews were validated by the results of the standardized questionnaires. The Coping Process Interview revealed that the two types of stressors were not structurally similar. They differed with respect to appraisal of the event, causal attribution, the amount of thought, feelings and actions in order to deal with the stressors, but not in achieved effects and reappraisal. Clinically referred and non- conspicuous adolescents significantly differed in their stress perception and coping style, with clinically referred adolescents exhibiting a more dysfunctional coping style when dealing with both types of stressors. However, no differences emerged, depending on the symptomatology in the clinical group.