O ρόλος των μη κυβερνητικών οργανώσεων στην ενίσχυση και στη προώθηση της έννοιας του κράτους δικαίου,σε μετα-συγκρουσιακά κράτη.
The promotion and the contribution of non-governmental Organisations of the rule of law in post-conflict countries.
Τερράς, Ναστάζια Φ.
Περράκης, Στέλιος Ε.
Mη κυβερνητικές οργανώσεις, κράτος δικαίου, μετασυγκρουσιακό κράτος, κανόνας δικαίου,μεταρρύθμιση. Non governmental organisations, rule of law, post conflict, reform, peace.
Πάντειο Πανεπιστήμιο Κοινωνικών και Πολιτικών Επιστημών
War is a way of life – in some parts of the world it is an on-going struggle with no end in sight . Years of perpetual conflict have adversely affected the way in which political, socio-economic, and cultural components of society have developed. Indeed, armed conflict negatively affects all aspects of society: not only does it destroy buildings and societies, but it also leaves surviving individuals and communities with deep wounds that can last a lifetime. Many efforts have been employed around the world to build peace following a conflict. Some interventions have proven quite successful, while others have not. Since Un peacekeeping and associated forms of international intervention in conflict zones took on a new significance at the end of the Cold War , nongovernmental organizations(NGOs) have also emerged as a vital part of the mechanism of intervention , both in conjunction with traditional forms of peacekeeping , but more importantly in longer term prevention and peacebuilding tasks .These roles are intended to contribute to the construction of neoliberal and democratic entities in conflict zones , but they also raise a series of questions about the nature of NGOs roles , objectives and relationship with states and other organizations. Yet, NGOs have become crucial in the social and political and economic issue areas that constitute international –social conflict, particularly in the regeneration of torn and divided societies, restoring infrastructure and providing basic social goods. Indeed it has often been suggested that NGOs fulfil vital roles that the states and their agencies cannot take on. This occurs both in terms of direct involvement with projects in these issue areas but also in their monitoring and advocacy roles as many of the following essay illustrates. Civil society involvement is one of the most important factors in determining whether a post-conflict peacebuilding initiative will be successful. Efforts put forth by local government officials or the international community likely will be unsuccessful in post-conflict peacebuilding absent civil involvement, and without a societal belief that these measures are beneficial. Further, an involved civil society is important to hold governments accountable for their actions, strengthen public policies, and develop the community following a conflict . That is why in the last five or ten years, the concept of "rule of law" has become something of a buzzword in the international legal scholarship and practice. The concept became a prism through which many more general issues are looked at. The promotion of the rule of law notably features high on the UN Agenda. The 2005 World Summit Outcome Document identifies "Human rights and the rule of law" as one of the five issues which deserve closer attention in the UN ambit. Ιn the present essay, we will be discussing the role of the Non-Governmental Organizations in the promotion of the rule of law in the international and domestic level in post conflict countries. In Chapter 1, I will analyze the notion of the rule of law, the rationales of the RoL in general, and finally the evolution of the Rule of Law reform and the actors who promote this meaning. In the second part of the first chapter we will understand more in depth the notion of the rule of law, specifically in a post-conflict environment, and I will analyze in details each rationale of the RoL. In Chapter 2, i will demonstrate the role of the Non-Governmental Organizations in a post conflict environment and their contribution in the international and domestic level in conflict prevention and conflict resolution. Finally, I will discuss some critic issues regarding the Ngos in the post-conflict field, such as cooperation with the military force and coordination with other units. Last but not least, I mention the accountability issue regarding the Ngos and their new role in the international level. In Chapter 3, i analyze the role of the Ngos in relationship with the four rationales of the RoL in details, and therefore demonstrate their role by providing examples of Ngos in the field of post-conflict environments.
Διπλωματική εργασία - Πάντειο Πανεπιστήμιο. Τμήμα Διεθνών και Ευρωπαϊκών Σπουδών, ΠΜΣ, κατεύθυνση Διεθνές Δίκαιο και Διπλωματικές Σπουδές, 2014