Κοινωνική σύγκριση και Facebook: η σημασία της αυτοεκτίμησης, της ικανοποίησης από τη ζωή, των καταθλιπτικών συμπτωμάτων και των θετικών και αρνητικών συναισθημάτων
Social comparison and Facebook: the importance of self-esteemm, life satisfaction, depressive symptoms and positive and negative emotions
Μπότσε, Τζεσιόνα Π.
Σταλίκας, Αναστάσιος Β.
Κοινωνική σύγκριση, αυτοεκτίμηση, ικανοποίηση από τη ζωή, καταθλιπτικά συμπτώματα συναισθήματα, Facebook, θετικά και αρνητικά συναισθήματα Social comparison, self-esteem, life satisfaction, depressive symptoms, Facebook, positive and negative feelings
Πάντειο Πανεπιστήμιο Κοινωνικών και Πολιτικών Επιστημών
Social media and specifically Facebook are part of people’s everyday lives and communication. Facebook use has been linked with both positive and negative impacts on users’ psychological health. However, this does not mean these impacts are only because of the social media platform and the prior psychological state of the user is of no importance. Social comparison - first introduced by Festinger (1954) -supports that people engage in social comparisons in order to evaluate themselves. Facebook is a place full of personal information about others’ lives and provides its users with an abundance of social comparison opportunities, which have been linked with both positive and negative emotional factors. Research was conducted through questionnaires and SPSS and AMOS were used for the data analysis. Results indicated intercorrelations between Facebook use variables, but not between Facebook use variables and variables concerning mental health. On the other hand, social comparison on Facebook in our sample was mostly positive and was positively correlated with posting frequency and the general attitude toward Facebook as well as self-esteem, life satisfaction and positive feelings, but negatively correlated with depressive symptoms and negative feelings. Further analyses indicated that self-esteem and positive feelings lead to positive social comparison which leads to more frequent postings and a more positive attitude toward Facebook. These results show that prior psychological factors (self-esteem and positive feelings here) lead to (positive) social comparisons, which mediate the relation between these psychological factors and Facebook use.